Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Assigns Provisional Ratings to Certain Tranche Amounts of Manitoulin USD Ltd., Muskoka 2020-2

Structured Credit
July 24, 2020

DBRS, Inc. (DBRS Morningstar) assigned the following provisional ratings to the Tranche A Amount, Tranche B Amount, Tranche C Amount, and Tranche D Amount (collectively, the Tranche Amounts) of two unexecuted, unfunded financial guarantees (the Financial Guarantees) of Manitoulin USD Ltd., Muskoka 2020-2 with respect to a portfolio of primarily U.S. and Canadian senior secured and senior unsecured loans originated or managed by the Bank of Montreal (BMO; rated AA with a Stable trend by DBRS Morningstar):

-- Tranche A Amount at AAA (sf)
-- Tranche B Amount at AA (sf)
-- Tranche C Amount at A (sf)
-- Tranche D Amount at BBB (low) (sf)

The provisional ratings on the Tranche Amounts address the likelihood of a reduction to the respective Tranche Amounts due to a Tranche Loss Balance on each respective tranche resulting from defaults and losses within the guaranteed portfolio during the period from the Effective Date until the Scheduled Termination Date (as defined in the Financial Guarantees referenced above).

The ratings assigned by DBRS Morningstar are expected to remain provisional until the underlying agreements are executed. BMO may have no intention of executing the Financial Guarantees. DBRS Morningstar will maintain and monitor the provisional ratings throughout the life of the transaction or while it continues to receive performance information.

To assess portfolio credit quality for each corporate obligor in the portfolio, DBRS Morningstar relies on DBRS Morningstar ratings and public ratings from other rating agencies or DBRS Morningstar may provide a credit estimate, internal assessment, or ratings mapping of the BMO’s internal ratings model. Credit estimates, internal assessments, and ratings mappings are not ratings; rather, they represent an abbreviated analysis, including model-driven or statistical components of default probability for each obligor that is used in assigning a rating to a facility sufficient to assess portfolio credit quality.

The ratings reflect the following:

(1) The draft Financial Guarantees.
(2) The integrity of the transaction structure.
(3) DBRS Morningstar’s assessment of the portfolio quality.
(4) Adequate credit enhancement to withstand projected collateral loss rates.

As the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) spread around the world, certain countries imposed quarantines and lockdowns, including the United States, which accounts for more than one-fourth of confirmed cases worldwide. The coronavirus pandemic has negatively affected not only the economies of the nations most afflicted, but also the overall global economy with diminished demand for goods and services as well as disrupted supply chains. The effects of the pandemic may result in deteriorated financial conditions for many companies and obligors, some of which will experience the effects of such negative economic trends more than others. At the same time, governments and central banks in multiple regions, including the United States and Europe, have taken significant measures to mitigate the economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.

In conjunction with DBRS Morningstar’s commentary, “Global Macroeconomic Scenarios: Implications for Credit Ratings,” published on April 16, 2020, and updated on July 22, 2020, DBRS Morningstar further considers additional adjustments to assumptions for the collateralized loan obligation (CLO) asset class that consider the moderate economic scenario outlined in the commentary. The adjustments include a higher default assumption for the weighted-average (WA) credit quality of the current collateral obligation portfolio. To derive the higher default assumption, DBRS Morningstar notches ratings for obligors in certain industries and obligors at various rating levels based on their perceived exposure to the adverse disruptions caused by the coronavirus. Considering a higher default assumption would result in losses that exceed the original default expectations for the affected classes of notes. DBRS Morningstar may adjust the default expectations further if there are changes in the duration or severity of the adverse disruptions.

DBRS Morningstar ran an additional higher default adjustment on the WA DBRS Morningstar Risk Score of the current collateral obligation pool with the maximum covenanted tenor, and this stressed modeling pool was run through the Monte Carlo simulation component of DBRS Morningstar’s CLO Asset Model to generate a stressed default rate. The results of this analysis indicate that the instruments can withstand an additional higher default probability commensurate with a moderate-scenario impact of the coronavirus.

For more information regarding DBRS Morningstar’s simplified set of macroeconomic scenarios for select economies related to the coronavirus, please see please see its April 16, 2020, commentary “Global Macroeconomic Scenarios: Implications for Credit Ratings” at; its April 22, 2020, commentary “Global Macroeconomic Scenarios: Application to Credit Ratings” at; and its July 22, 2020, updated commentary, “Global Macroeconomic Scenarios: July Update” at

For more information regarding DBRS Morningstar’s additional adjustment for select industries related to the coronavirus, please see its May 18, 2020, commentary, “CLO Risk Exposure to the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)” at

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework and its methodologies can be found at:

All figures are in U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodologies are Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit (July 21, 2020) and Mapping Financial Institution Internal Ratings to DBRS Morningstar Ratings for Global Structured Credit Transactions (March 11, 2020), which can be found on under Methodologies & Criteria.

For more information regarding rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

For more information regarding structured finance rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

The rated entity or its related entities did participate in the rating process for this rating action. DBRS Morningstar had access to the accounts and other relevant internal documents of the rated entity or its related entities in connection with this rating action.

Please see the related appendix for additional information regarding the sensitivity of assumptions used in the rating process.

This rating is endorsed by DBRS Ratings Limited (DBRS Morningstar) for use in the European Union. The following additional regulatory disclosures apply to endorsed ratings:

Each of the principal asset class methodologies employed in the analysis addressed one or more particular risks or aspects of the rating and were factored into the rating decision, Specifically, for the recovery rate, DBRS Morningstar applied the senior secured and senior unsecured recovery rates defined in its “Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit” methodology. DBRS Morningstar applies different recovery rates depending on the recovery tier and seniority.

DBRS Morningstar used its CLO Asset Model to determine expected default rates for the portfolio at each rating level. To determine the credit risk of each underlying reference obligation, DBRS Morningstar relied on either public ratings or a ratings mapping to DBRS Morningstar ratings of BMO’s internal ratings models. The mapping was completed in accordance with DBRS Morningstar’s “Mapping Financial Institution Internal Ratings to DBRS Morningstar Ratings for Global Structured Credit Transactions” methodology.

This rating concerns a newly issued financial instrument. This is the first DBRS Morningstar rating on this financial instrument.

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see:

Lead Analyst: Joseph Priolo, Senior Vice President, U.S. Structured Credit
Rating Committee Chair: Jerry van Koolbergen, Managing Director, U.S. Structured Credit
Initial Rating Date: July 24, 2020

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at

DBRS, Inc.
140 Broadway, 43rd Floor
New York, NY 10005 USA
Tel. +1 212 806-3277

-- Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit and CLO Asset Model Version 2.2.3 (July 21, 2020)

-- Cash Flow Assumptions for Corporate Credit Securitizations (July 21, 2020)

-- Mapping Financial Institution Internal Ratings to DBRS Morningstar Ratings for Global Structured Credit Transactions (March 11, 2020)

-- Legal Criteria for U.S. Structured Finance (January 21, 2020)