Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Confirms Rating on Notes Issued by Loan Invest NV/SA. Compartment SME Loan Invest 2017

Structured Credit
March 10, 2023

DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS Morningstar) confirmed its AAA (sf) rating on the Notes issued by Loan Invest NV/SA. Compartment SME Loan Invest 2017 (the Issuer).

The rating addresses the timely payment of interest and the ultimate payment of principal on or before the legal final maturity date in April 2051.

The confirmation follows an annual review of the transaction and is based on the following analytical considerations:
-- The portfolio performance, in terms of level of delinquencies and defaults, as of the February 2023 payment date.
-- The one-year base case probability of default (PD) and default and recovery rates on the remaining receivables.
-- The credit enhancement available to the Notes to cover the expected losses at the AAA (sf) rating level.

The transaction is a cash flow securitisation collateralised by a portfolio of loans originated and serviced by KBC Bank NV (KBC) within the framework of small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in Belgium.

As of the 15 February 2023 payment date, the overall portfolio consisted of 14,002 loans with an aggregate principal balance of EUR 1,566 million. The portfolio is performing within DBRS Morningstar’s expectations. As of the payment date, cumulative defaulted loans represented 1.0% of the initial portfolio balance, up from 0.9% one year ago. Delinquent loans represented 0.1% of the portfolio balance, unchanged from levels observed one year ago.

DBRS Morningstar maintained the portfolio’s one-year base case PD assumption at 1.8%. DBRS Morningstar conducted a loan-by-loan analysis on the remaining pool and updated its PD and recovery assumptions to 33.7% and 43.1%, respectively, at the AAA (sf) rating level.

As of February 2023, the credit enhancement of the Notes was 36.5%, up from 32.7% at the last annual review, driven by the switch to sequential amortisation of the transaction after the occurrence of a sequential trigger event. A sequential trigger event happened after the outstanding balance of the subordinated loan fell below 33.0% of its original balance.

A part of the subordinated loan’s proceeds was used to fund the reserve fund. The reserve fund does not amortise and is available to cover interest shortfalls on the Notes. The reserve fund is currently at its target level of EUR 56 million, which is 1% of the total initial portfolio.

KBC acts as the account bank and the swap counterparty for the transaction. Based on the account bank reference rating of AA, which is one notch below the DBRS Morningstar public Long Term Critical Obligations Rating (COR) of KBC at AA (high), the downgrade provisions outlined in the transaction documents, and other mitigating factors inherent in the transaction structure, DBRS Morningstar considers the risk arising from the exposure to the account bank to be consistent with the rating assigned to the Notes, as described in DBRS Morningstar’s “Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions” methodology.

KBC’s COR is consistent with the first rating threshold as described in DBRS Morningstar’s “Derivative Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions” methodology.

There were no Environmental/Social/Governance factors that had a significant or relevant impact on the credit analysis.

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework can be found in the “DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings” at

DBRS Morningstar analysed the transaction structure in its proprietary Excel-based cash flow engine.

All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the rating is: “Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs” (10 June 2022);

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release. These may be found at:

DBRS Morningstar has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the surveillance section of the principal methodology.

A review of the transaction legal documents was not conducted as the legal documents have remained unchanged since the most recent rating action.

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Morningstar Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” at:

The DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group releases baseline macroeconomic scenarios for rated sovereigns. DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the baseline scenarios as set forth in the following report:

The sources of data and information used for this rating include the investor report provided by KBC and loan-by-loan data from the European DataWarehouse GmbH.

DBRS Morningstar did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

At the time of the initial rating, DBRS Morningstar was supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS Morningstar considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing this rating to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS Morningstar does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.

The last rating action on this transaction took place on 10 March 2022, when DBRS Morningstar confirmed its AAA (sf) rating on the Notes.

Information regarding DBRS Morningstar ratings, including definitions, policies, and methodologies, is available at

To assess the impact of changing the transaction parameters on the rating, DBRS Morningstar considered the following stress scenarios as compared with the parameters used to determine the rating (the Base Case):

-- PD Rates Used: Base-case PD of 1.8%, a 10% increase of the base case and a 20% increase of the base-case PD.
-- Recovery Rates Used: Base-case recovery rate of 43.1% at the AAA (sf) rating level, and a 10% and 20% decrease in the base-case recovery rates. Note that the percentage decreases in the recovery rates are assumed for the other stress recovery-rate levels.

DBRS Morningstar concludes that a hypothetical increase of the base case PD by 20% or a hypothetical decrease of the recovery rate by 20%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a confirmation on the Notes at AAA (sf). A scenario combining both an increase in the base case PD by 10% and a decrease in the base case recovery rate by 10%, ceteris paribus, would also lead to a confirmation on the Notes at AAA (sf).

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see: DBRS Morningstar understands further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates may be published by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) on its webpage:

This rating is endorsed by DBRS Ratings Limited for use in the United Kingdom.

Lead Analyst: Helvia Meana, Assistant Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: Alfonso Candelas, Senior Vice President
Initial Rating Date: 7 April 2017

DBRS Ratings GmbH
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60311 Frankfurt am Main – Deutschland
Tel. +49 (69) 8088 3500
Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main, HRB 110259

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at:

-- Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs (10 June 2022) and SME Diversity Model,
-- Interest Rate Stresses for European Structured Finance Transactions (22 September 2022),
-- Master European Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities Rating Methodology and Jurisdictional Addenda (28 November 2022),
-- Derivative Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (20 September 2021),
-- Cash Flow Assumptions for Corporate Credit Securitizations (7 February 2023),
-- Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit (7 February 2023),
-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (22 July 2022),
-- Master European Structured Finance Surveillance Methodology (7 February 2023),
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers (15 September 2022),
-- DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings (17 May 2022),

A description of how DBRS Morningstar analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at:

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at