Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Confirms “A” Ratings on Banco Comercial Português S.A. Covered Bonds

Covered Bonds
March 06, 2020

DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS) confirmed its “A” ratings on the Obrigações Hipotecárias (OH; the Portuguese legislative Covered Bonds) issued under the Banco Comercial Português (BCP or the Issuer) EUR 12.5 billion Covered Bonds programme (the Programme). The confirmation follows the completion of a full review of the ratings.

The rating is based on the following analytical considerations:
-- A Covered Bonds Attachment Point (CBAP) of BBB (high), which is the Long-Term Critical Obligations Rating of BCP. BCP is the Issuer and Reference Entity (RE) for the Programme.
-- A Legal and Structuring Framework (LSF) Assessment of “Average” associated with the Programme.
-- A Cover Pool Credit Assessment (CPCA) of BB, which is the lowest CPCA in line with the LSF-Implied Likelihood (LSF-L).
-- A LSF-L of BBB (high).
-- A two-notch uplift for high recovery prospects.
-- A committed minimum overcollateralisation of 14%. DBRS Morningstar gives full credit to such commitment in accordance with its methodology. Such a level is not subject to haircut as DBRS Morningstar considers it to be persistent based on historically observed levels.

The transaction was analysed with the DBRS Morningstar European Covered Bond Cash Flow Tool. The main assumptions focused on the timing of defaults and recoveries of the assets, interest rate stresses and market value spreads to calculate liquidation values on the cover pool (CP).

Everything else being equal, a downgrade of the CBAP by two notches would lead to a one-notch downgrade of the LSF-L, resulting in a one-notch downgrade of the covered bonds rating. In addition, all else unchanged, the OH ratings would be downgraded if any of the following occurred: (1) the sovereign rating of the Republic of Portugal was downgraded below BBB (low); (2) the quality of the CP and the level of OC were no longer sufficient to support a two-notch uplift for high recovery prospects; (3) the relative amortisation profile of the OH and CP moved adversely; or (4) volatility in the financial markets caused the currently estimated market value spreads to increase.

There are five series of OH outstanding under the Programme totalling a nominal amount of EUR 8.2 billion, while the aggregate balance of mortgages in the CP was EUR 11.67 billion as of December 2019, yielding a current OC ratio of 42.4%. The Issuer has publicly committed to maintain an OC level of 14.0%.

As of 31 December 2019, the cover pool comprised 222,954 residential mortgages granted to individuals, with an average loan amount of EUR 52,364. The weighted-average (WA) current loan-to-value ratio was 52.4% with a seasoning of 110 months. The CP is located mainly in Lisbon (42.7%), Northern Portugal (29.7%), and Central Portugal (14.6%).

Of the loans in the portfolio, 85.2% pay a floating interest rate and 14.8% of the loans pay a fixed rate, while 12.2% of the covered bonds are fixed rate.

The DBRS Morningstar-calculated weighted-average life of the mortgage assets is roughly 14 years, which is longer than the 1.35 years of WA life on the covered bonds, not accounting for any maturity extension. This generates and asset-liability mismatch that is mitigated by the Extended Maturity Date, which falls one year after the Maturity Date, and by the OC in place.

All CP assets and CB are denominated in euros. As such, investors are not currently exposed to any foreign-exchange risk.

DBRS Morningstar assessed the LSF related to the Programme as “Average” according to its “Rating and Monitoring Covered Bonds” methodology. For more information, please refer to DBRS Morningstar’s commentaries: “DBRS Assigns LSF Assessment to Portuguese Covered Bonds” and “Portuguese Covered Bonds: Legal and Structuring Framework Review” both available at

For further information on the Programme, please refer to the rating report at

On 13 March 2023, DBRS Morningstar amended the above press release to correct the Initial Rating Date.

All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the ratings is “Rating and Monitoring Covered Bonds”.

DBRS Morningstar has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the surveillance section of the principal methodology.

A review of the transaction legal documents was not conducted as the legal documents have remained unchanged since the most recent rating action.

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release. These may be found at:

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” methodology at:

The sources of data and information used for these ratings include investor reports, loan-by-loan data on the CP and historical performance data provided by the issuer, that allowed DBRS Morningstar to further assess the portfolio.

DBRS Morningstar considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing these ratings to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS Morningstar did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

At the time of the initial ratings, DBRS Morningstar was not supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS Morningstar does not audit the information it receives in connection with the rating process, and it does not and cannot independently verify that information in every instance.

The last rating action on this transaction took place on 10 June 2019, when DBRS Morningstar confirmed its “A” ratings of BCP’s outstanding OH.

Information regarding DBRS Morningstar ratings, including definitions, policies and methodologies, is available on

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see:

Ratings assigned by DBRS Ratings GmbH, Sucursal en España are subject to EU and US regulations only.

Lead Analyst: Covadonga Aybar, Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: Christian Aufsatz, Managing Director
Initial Rating Date: 28 February 2012

DBRS Ratings GmbH, Sucursal en España
Calle del Pinar, 5
28006 Madrid

DBRS Ratings GmbH
Neue Mainzer Straße 75
60311 Frankfurt am Main Deutschland

Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main, HRB 110259

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at: http://

-- Rating and Monitoring Covered Bonds
-- Rating and Monitoring Covered Bonds Addendum: Market Value Spreads
-- Global Methodology for Rating Banks and Banking Organisations
-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions
-- Interest Rate Stresses for European Structured Finance Transactions
-- Master European Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities Rating Methodology and Jurisdictional Addenda
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Originators
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers
-- Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments

A description of how DBRS Morningstar analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at:

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at [email protected].