Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Confirms Rating on BBVA Empresas 4 FTA

Structured Credit
June 26, 2020

DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS Morningstar) confirmed its A (high) (sf) rating on the Series of Notes (the Notes) issued by BBVA Empresas 4 FTA (the Issuer).

The rating on the Notes addresses the timely payment of interest and ultimate payment of principal on or before the legal final maturity date in February 2045.

The confirmation follows an annual review of the transaction and is based on the following analytical considerations:

-- Portfolio performance, in terms of delinquencies, defaults, and losses, as of the May 2020 payment date.
-- Base case probability of default (PD) and updated recovery rates on the remaining receivables.
-- Current available credit enhancement to the Notes to cover the expected losses at their A (high) (sf) rating level.
-- Current economic environment and sustainable performance assessment, as a result of the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

The Issuer is a securitisation collateralised by a portfolio of bank loans originated and serviced by Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria S.A. (BBVA) to corporates and small and medium-size enterprises (SME) based in Spain, established in July 2010.

As of the May 2020 payment date, loans in arrears more than 90 days represented 0.9% of the outstanding principal balance, up from 0.2% last year, while the cumulative default ratio remained unchanged at 5.5%.

DBRS Morningstar conducted a loan-by-loan analysis on the remaining pool and updated its portfolio default and recovery assumptions on the outstanding portfolio to 43.5% and 50.3%, respectively, at the A (high) (sf) rating level. The base case PD has been updated to 4.8%, following coronavirus adjustments.

The credit enhancement for the Notes is provided by the reserve fund. As of the May 2020 payment date, it increased to 184.1%, up from 123.4% last year.

The reserve fund is available to cover senior expenses and missed interest payments and to offset any losses from defaulted credit rights. It is currently at its target level of EUR 42.5 million.

BBVA acts as the account bank for the transaction. Based on the account bank reference rating of BBVA at A (high), which is one notch below DBRS Morningstar Long-Term Critical Obligation Rating of AA (low), the downgrade provisions outlined in the transaction documents, and other mitigating factors inherent in the transaction structure, DBRS Morningstar considers the risk arising from the exposure to the account bank to be consistent with the rating assigned to the Notes, as described in DBRS Morningstar’s "Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions" methodology.

DBRS Morningstar analysed the transaction structure in its proprietary Excel-based cashflow engine.

The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and the resulting isolation measures have caused an economic contraction, leading to sharp increases in unemployment rates and income reductions for many borrowers. DBRS Morningstar anticipates that payment holidays and delinquencies may arise in the coming months for many SME transactions, some meaningfully. The ratings are based on additional analysis and adjustments to expected performance as a result of the global efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus.

For this transaction, DBRS Morningstar increased the expected default rate for obligors in certain industries based on their perceived exposure to the adverse disruptions of the coronavirus.

The DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group released on 16 April 2020 a set of macroeconomic scenarios for the 2020-22 period in select economies. These scenarios were updated on 1 June 2020. For details see the following commentaries: and

The DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the moderate scenario in the referenced reports.

On 18 May 2020, DBRS Morningstar published a commentary outlining how the coronavirus crisis is likely to affect DBRS Morningstar-rated Structured Credit transactions in Europe. For more details please see and

For more information regarding rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

For more information regarding structured finance rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework and its methodologies can be found at:

All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the ratings is the “Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs” (8 July 2019). DBRS Morningstar has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the principal methodology.

A review of the transaction legal documents was not conducted as the legal documents have remained unchanged since the most recent rating action.

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release. These may be found at:

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Morningstar Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” at:
The sources of data and information used for this rating include investor reports provided by the Management Company, Europea de Titulización, S.A., S.G.F.T, and loan-level data provided by the European DataWarehouse GmbH.

DBRS Morningstar did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

At the time of the initial rating, DBRS Morningstar was not supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS Morningstar considers the data and information available to it for the purpose of providing this rating to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS Morningstar does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.

The last rating action on the Issuer took place on 27 June 2019 when DBRS Morningstar confirmed the rating of the Notes at A (high) (sf).

Information regarding DBRS Morningstar ratings, including definitions, policies, and methodologies is available at

To assess the impact of changing the transaction parameters on the ratings, DBRS Morningstar considered the following stress scenarios as compared with the parameters used to determine the ratings (the Base Case):

-- PD Rates Used: Base case PD of 4.8%, a 10% and 20% increase of the base case PD.
-- Recovery Rates Used: Base case recovery rates, corresponding to a recovery rate of 50.3% at the A (high) (sf) stress level for the Notes, a 10% and 20% decrease in the base case recovery rates. Note that the percentage decreases in the recovery rates are assumed for the other stress recovery rate levels.

DBRS Morningstar concludes that a hypothetical increase of the base case PD by 20%, or a hypothetical decrease of the recovery rate by 20%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a confirmation of the Notes at A (high) (sf). A scenario combining both an increase in the base case PD by 10% and a decrease in the base case recovery rate by 10%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a confirmation of the Notes at A (high) (sf). A scenario combining both an increase in the base case PD by 20% and a decrease in the base case recovery rate by 20%, ceteris paribus, would also lead to a confirmation of the Notes at A (high) (sf).

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see:

Ratings assigned by DBRS Ratings GmbH are subject to EU and U.S. regulations only.

Lead Analyst: Shalva Beshia, Assistant Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: Alfonso Candelas, Senior Vice President
Initial Rating Date: 7 November 2012

DBRS Ratings GmbH
Neue Mainzer Straße 75
60311 Frankfurt am Main Deutschland
Tel. +49 (69) 8088 3500

Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main, HRB 110259

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at:

-- Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs (8 July 2019) and SME Diversity Model v.2.4,

-- Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit (28 February 2020)

-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (11 September 2019)

-- Master European Structured Finance Surveillance Methodology (22 April 2020)

-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers (28 February 2020)

-- European RMBS Insight Methodology (2 April 2020)

-- European RMBS Insight: Spanish Addendum (10 July 2019)

-- Interest Rate Stresses for Structured Finance Transactions (10 October 2019)

-- Cash Flow Assumptions for Corporate Credit Securitizations (28 February 2020)

A description of how DBRS Morningstar analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at [email protected].