Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Publishes Final European RMBS Insight: Italian Addendum

December 21, 2020

DBRS Morningstar finalised its “European RMBS Insight: Italian Addendum” (the Italian Addendum) and corresponding European RMBS Insight Model (the Model). The Italian Addendum and the Model supersede the Italian Residential Mortgage Addendum of the “Master European Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities Rating Methodology” published on 21 September 2020.

The Italian Addendum and Model present the criteria used to estimate defaults and losses for which Italian residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) and covered bonds ratings are assigned and/or monitored. The distressed sale discount, market value decline (MVD), and foreclosure cost assumptions, which are part of the Italian Addendum, will also be used for rating Italian small and medium-size enterprise (SME) and nonperforming loan transactions.

No comments were received during the request for comment period for the Italian Addendum.

The Italian Addendum is the fifth jurisdictional addendum published for the “European RMBS Insight Methodology” (the Methodology). The application of the Methodology to the analysis of Italian residential mortgages is deemed a material change as the Methodology introduced a new proprietary default model (European RMBS Insight Model or the Model) to forecast the expected default and losses of portfolios of Italian residential mortgages. The Model combines a loan scoring approach and dynamic delinquency migration matrices to calculate loan-level defaults and losses. The loan scoring approach and dynamic delinquency migration matrices are developed using jurisdictional-specific data on loan, borrowers, and collateral types. In addition, the Model uses a home price approach to generate MVDs.

The Italian Addendum outlines the country-specific aspects of the Methodology to estimate defaults and losses for Italian residential mortgage loans. It will be applied with the Methodology for rating European RMBS, covered bonds, and other transactions linked to residential mortgage assets located in Italy.

Analysis of the Italian residential mortgages per the Italian Addendum includes indexation of the underlying property values up to September 2019 for the both the defaults and losses. The Italian Addendum details the Italian Loan Scoring Module (Italian LSM), which was constructed using logistic regression with loan-level data from the European DataWarehouse (EDW) to assess the relative credit risk of Italian residential mortgages. DBRS Morningstar used 13 risk segments based on scoring of the universe of eligible loans (per defined DBRS Morningstar criteria) to construct the Italian LSM with a delinquency migration matrix estimated for each risk segment based on the observed roll rates.

Distressed sale discount estimates were derived from EDW and nonperforming loan data.

MVD were estimated for 13 cities/regions where granular house price data was available; for the rest, country-level MVD assumptions were estimated. This was based on house price data provided by Nomisma through Haver Analytics. Property sale prices and cost estimates were collected from DBRS Morningstar’s nonperforming loan team and the EDW.

DBRS Morningstar currently rates 56 classes of notes across 35 Italian RMBS transactions. The impact of the adoption of the Italian Addendum to the Methodology on Italian RMBS ratings is addressed in a separate press release titled, “DBRS Morningstar Places Four Ratings of Three Italian RMBS Transactions Under Review, Following Release of RMBS Insight: Italian Addendum”.

DBRS Morningstar currently rates 10 Italian covered bond transactions – there is expected to be minimal rating impact on covered bond ratings as a result of this methodology update.

DBRS Morningstar notes that the Italian Portfolio Quality Assessment (PQA) used in the impact assessment exercise was estimated based on the distribution of transactional performance data of 126 Italian RMBS transactions in Intex from Q1 2000 to Q4 2012. The actual PQA applied in the rating analysis may differ due to the judgmental nature of this variable.

No rating impact is expected on any Italian nonperforming loan or Italian SME transactions, as a result of this methodology update.

All comments received during the request for comment period have been published to the DBRS Morningstar website, except in cases where confidentiality is requested by the respondent.

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