Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Upgrades Ratings on CaixaBank PYMES 12, FT

Structured Credit
July 13, 2022

DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS Morningstar) upgraded its ratings on the notes issued by CaixaBank PYMES 12, FT (the Issuer) as follows:

-- Series A Notes to AA (high) (sf) from AA (sf)
-- Series B Notes to BB (low) (sf) from B (high) (sf)

The rating on the Series A Notes addresses the timely payment of interest and the ultimate payment of principal on or before the legal maturity date in September 2062. The rating on the Series B Notes addresses the ultimate payment of interest and principal on or before the legal maturity date.

The upgrades follow an annual review of the transaction and are based on the following analytical considerations:
-- The portfolio performance, in terms of level of delinquencies and defaults, as of the June 2022 payment date;
-- The one-year base case probability of default (PD) and default and recovery rates on the outstanding receivables;
-- The current available credit enhancement to the notes to cover the expected losses assumed in line with their respective rating levels; and
-- The current economic environment and an assessment of sustainable performance, as a result of the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

The transaction is a cash flow securitisation collateralised by a portfolio of secured and unsecured loans originated by CaixaBank, S.A. (CaixaBank) to corporates, small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs), and self-employed individuals based in Spain. The transaction closed in November 2020, with a total portfolio of EUR 2.55 billion. The current outstanding portfolio as of June 2022 payment date was EUR 1.60 billion.

The transaction’s performance has been stable since closing. As of June 2022, loans that were two to three months in arrears represented 0.01% of the outstanding portfolio balance. The 90+-day delinquency ratio was 1.3%, up from 0.4% at the time of the last annual review, and the cumulative gross default ratio stood at 0.3% of the original portfolio balance. Receivables are classified as defaulted after 12 months of arrears per the transaction documentation.

DBRS Morningstar conducted a loan-by-loan analysis on the remaining pool of receivables and updated its recovery rate assumptions to 20.8% and 28.3% at the AA (high) (sf) and BB (low) (sf) rating level, respectively.

DBRS Morningstar updated its lifetime default assumptions to 24.7% at the AA (high) (sf) rating level and to 9.2% at the BB (low) (sf) rating level.

DBRS Morningstar updated the base case PD to 1.6% (including coronavirus adjustments as described below).

The credit enhancements available to the Series A Notes have increased as the transaction deleverages. As of the June 2022 payment date, the credit enhancements available to the Series A Notes and Series B Notes were 27.8% and 5.4%, respectively (up and slightly down from 22.0% and 5.8%, respectively, one year ago). Credit enhancement is provided by the subordination of the Series B Notes and a reserve fund. The reserve fund was funded through a subordinated loan and is available to cover senior fees, interest, and principal payments on the Series A Notes and, once the Series A Notes are fully amortised, interest and principal on the Series B Notes. The cash reserve started amortising after 12 months from closing, subject to the target level being equal to 5.0% of the outstanding balance of the Series A and Series B Notes.

CaixaBank acts as the account bank for the transaction. Based on the account bank reference rating of A (high) on CaixaBank (one notch below its DBRS Morningstar Long Term Critical Obligations Rating of AA (low)), the downgrade provisions outlined in the transaction documents, and other mitigating factors inherent in the transaction structure, DBRS Morningstar considers the risk arising from the exposure to the account bank to be consistent with the rating assigned to the Series A Notes, as described in DBRS Morningstar's "Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions" methodology.

The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and the resulting isolation measures had caused an immediate economic contraction, leading in some cases to increases in unemployment rates and income reductions for many borrowers. DBRS Morningstar anticipates that delinquencies may continue to increase in the coming months for many SME transactions. The ratings are based on additional analysis to expected performance as a result of the global efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus.

For this transaction, DBRS Morningstar increased the expected default rate on receivables granted to obligors operating in certain industries based on their perceived exposure to the adverse disruptions of the coronavirus. As per DBRS Morningstar’s assessment, 18.8% of the outstanding portfolio balance, represented industries classified in the high-risk economic sectors. This led the underlying one-year PDs to be multiplied by 1.5 times. DBRS Morningstar also conducted an additional sensitivity analysis to determine that the transaction benefits from sufficient liquidity support to withstand high levels of payment holidays in the portfolio.

The DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group releases baseline macroeconomic scenarios for rated sovereigns. These scenarios were last updated on 29 June 2022. DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the baseline scenario in the below referenced report. For details, see the following commentaries: and

On 10 February 2022, DBRS Morningstar updated its 18 May 2020 commentary outlining the impact of the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) crisis on the performance of DBRS Morningstar-rated structured credit transactions in Europe almost two years on. For more details, please see: and

There were no Environmental/Social/Governance factors that had a significant or relevant effect on the credit analysis.

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework can be found in the DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings at:

DBRS Morningstar analysed the transaction structure in its proprietary Excel-based cash flow engine.

All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the ratings is: “Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs” (10 June 2022).

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release. These may be found at:

DBRS Morningstar has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the surveillance section of the principal methodology.

A review of the transaction legal documents was not conducted as the legal documents have remained unchanged since the most recent rating action.

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Morningstar Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” at:

The DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group releases baseline macroeconomic scenarios for rated sovereigns. DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the baseline scenarios as set forth in the following report:

The sources of data and information used for these ratings include transaction reports and information provided by the Management Company, CaixaBank Titulización, S.G.F.T., S.A.U., and loan-level data provided by the European DataWarehouse GmbH.

DBRS Morningstar did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

At the time of the initial ratings, DBRS Morningstar was supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS Morningstar considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing these ratings to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS Morningstar does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.

The last rating action on this transaction took place on 13 July 2021, when DBRS Morningstar upgraded the ratings on the Series A and Series B Notes to AA (sf) and to B (high) (sf) from AA (low) (sf) and B (low) (sf), respectively, and removed the ratings from Under Review with Positive Implications status, where they were placed on 14 April 2021.

Information regarding DBRS Morningstar ratings, including definitions, policies, and methodologies, is available at

Sensitivity Analysis: To assess the impact of changing the transaction parameters on the ratings, DBRS Morningstar considered the following stress scenarios as compared with the parameters used to determine the ratings (the Base Case):

-- PD Rates Used: Base case PD of 1.6%, a 10% and 20% increase on the base case PD.
-- Recovery Rates Used: Base-case recovery rate of 20.8% at the AA (high) (sf) and 28.3% at the BB (low) (sf) stress levels, a 10% and 20% decrease in the base-case recovery rate. Note that the percentage decreases in the recovery rates are assumed for the other stress recovery-rate levels.

DBRS Morningstar concludes that a hypothetical increase of the base case PD by 20% would lead to a confirmation of the Series A Notes at AA (high) (sf) and a downgrade of the Series B Notes to B (high) (sf) from BB (low) (sf). A hypothetical decrease of the base case recovery rate by 20%, ceteris paribus, would not have an impact on the Series A Notes rating or the Series B Notes rating. A scenario combining both an increase in the base case PD by 10% and a decrease in the base case recovery rate by 10% would not have an impact on Series A Notes rating, and would lead to a downgrade of the Series B Notes to B (high) (sf) from BB (low) (sf).

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see: DBRS Morningstar understands further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates may be published by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) on its webpage:

These ratings are endorsed by DBRS Ratings Limited for use in the United Kingdom.

Lead Analyst: Helvia Meana, Assistant Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: Alfonso Candelas, Senior Vice President
Initial Rating Date: 12 November 2020

DBRS Ratings GmbH
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60311 Frankfurt am Main – Deutschland
Tel. +49 (69) 8088 3500
Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main, HRB 110259

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at:

-- Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs (10 June 2022) and SME Diversity Model,
-- Interest Rate Stresses for European Structured Finance Transactions (24 September 2021),
-- Cash Flow Assumptions for Corporate Credit Securitizations (26 January 2022),
-- Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit (26 January 2022),
-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (29 July 2021),
-- Master European Structured Finance Surveillance Methodology (19 May 2022),
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers (16 September 2021),
-- European RMBS Insight Methodology (28 March 2022),
-- European RMBS Insight: Spanish Addendum (26 April 2022),
-- DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings (17 May 2022),

A description of how DBRS Morningstar analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at