Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Finalises Provisional Ratings on PCL Funding VIII PLC

Consumer Loans & Credit Cards
May 12, 2023

DBRS Ratings Limited (DBRS Morningstar) finalised its provisional ratings on the notes issued by PCL Funding VIII PLC (the Issuer) as follows:

-- Series 2023-1 Class A Notes at AAA (sf)
-- Series 2023-1 Class B Notes at A (high) (sf)
-- Series 2023-1 Class C Notes at A (low) (sf)

DBRS Morningstar did not assign a rating to the Series 2023-1, Class D Notes also issued in this transaction.

The ratings address the timely payment of scheduled interest and the ultimate repayment of principal by the legal final maturity date.

The Series 2023-1 transaction is backed by a portfolio of financing advances made by Premium Credit Limited (PCL, the originator) to companies and individuals domiciled in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) and the Republic of Ireland (Ireland) for nonlife insurance premia and other payment plans. PCL is also the servicer with Link Financial Outsourcing Limited in place as the backup servicer.

The ratings are based on the following analytical considerations:
-- The transaction’s capital structure, including the form and sufficiency of available credit enhancement to support DBRS Morningstar’s projected expected net losses under various stress scenarios.
-- The ability of the transaction to withstand stressed cash flow assumptions and repay the notes.
-- The originator’s capabilities with respect to origination, underwriting, and servicing.
-- An operational risk review of the originator, which DBRS Morningstar deems to be an acceptable servicer.
-- The transaction parties’ financial strength regarding their respective roles.
--The credit quality, the diversification of the collateral, and the historical and projected performance of the originator’s portfolio.
-- DBRS Morningstar’s sovereign ratings on the UK at AA with a Stable trend and on Ireland at AA (low) with a Stable trend.
-- The consistency of the transaction’s legal structure with the DBRS Morningstar “Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions” methodology.

The Series 2023-1 notes was issued as part of the PCL-related master issuance structure, where all outstanding series of notes are supported by the same pool of receivables and are generally issued under similar requirements regarding servicing, amortisation events, priority of distributions, and eligible investments.

The Series 2023-1 transaction includes a scheduled 36-month revolving period. During this period, additional receivables may be purchased and transferred to the securitised pool, provided that the eligibility criteria set out in the transaction documents are satisfied. The revolving period may end earlier than scheduled if certain events occur, such as the breach of performance triggers or servicer termination. If the notes are not fully redeemed at the end of the scheduled revolving period, the transaction will enter into an amortisation period where the notes are redeemed sequentially.

The Series 2023-1 transaction includes a series-specific liquidity reserve that the originator initially funds. The target amount is dynamic, sized to cover three months of senior expenses and stressed interest payments on the rated notes. Further increases consider the portfolio’s delinquencies, defaults, and excess spread ratio triggers where the reserve replenishment is through the transaction’s interest waterfalls or further funding from the originator (subject to certain trigger breaches), depending on whether the transaction is within or outside the specified period. The liquidity reserve forms part of the available funds and is available to cover the shortfalls in senior expenses and interest payments on the Series 2023 Class A, Class B, and Class C Notes.

As the Series 2023-1 notes carry floating-rate coupons based on the daily compounded Sterling Overnight Index Average (Sonia), there is an interest rate mismatch between the fixed-rate collateral and the Sonia-based floating-rate notes. While the potential risk is to a certain degree mitigated by excess spread, the originator’s ability to increase the collateral rates, and an undertaking to increase the required reserve amount (subject to certain trigger breaches) during the revolving period, the transaction is exposed to the risk of further interest rate hikes. DBRS Morningstar considered such risk in its analysis and assigned the ratings commensurate with its view to maintain the rating stability of the master issuance structure.

HSBC Bank plc (HSBC Bank) is the account bank for the transactions. Based on DBRS Morningstar’s private rating on HSBC Bank and the downgrade provisions outlined in the transaction documents, DBRS Morningstar considers the risk arising from the exposure to the account bank to be commensurate with the ratings assigned.

DBRS Morningstar analysed PCL’s product segments for respective asset assumptions that have remained generally stable over the past decade with little signs of adverse effects from the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic, current persistent inflationary pressures, and/or interest rate increases. In addition, the portfolio compositions have remained largely stable over the past decade in comparison with the theoretically worst limits, which contributed to rating upgrades on certain subordinated classes of PCL Funding V PCL and PCL Funding VI PLC as listed above.
There were no Environmental/Social/Governance factors that had a significant or relevant impact on the credit analysis.

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework can be found in the “DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings” at:

DBRS Morningstar analysed the transaction structure in Intex DealMaker.

On 12 May 2023, DBRS Morningstar amended the ratings attached to the above press release to change the rating actions to Provisional Rating – Finalised from Provisional – Confirmed.

All figures are in British pound sterling unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the ratings is: “Rating European Consumer and Commercial Asset-Backed Securitisations” (19 October 2022),

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release.

DBRS Morningstar has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the principal methodology.

An asset and a cash flow analysis were both conducted. Due to the inclusion of a revolving period in the transaction, the analysis considers potential portfolio migration based on the replenishment criteria set forth in the transaction legal documents.

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Morningstar Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” at:

The DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group releases baseline macroeconomic scenarios for rated sovereigns. DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the baseline scenarios as set forth in the following report:

The sources of data and information used for these ratings include performance and portfolio data relating to the receivables provided by the originator through the arranger, Lloyds Bank Corporate Markets plc. DBRS Morningstar received vintage default, recovery, and net losses information split by product types and jurisdictions from 2007 to January 2023. DBRS Morningstar also received stratification tables in relation to the loan pool as of 28 February 2023.

DBRS Morningstar did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

DBRS Morningstar was not supplied with one or more third-party assessments for this Series 2023-1 transaction. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS Morningstar considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing these ratings to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS Morningstar does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.

These ratings concern newly issued financial instruments. These are the first DBRS Morningstar ratings on these financial instruments.

This is the first rating action since the Initial Rating Date.

Information regarding DBRS Morningstar ratings, including definitions, policies, and methodologies, is available on

Sensitivity Analysis: To assess the impact of changing the transaction parameters on the ratings, DBRS Morningstar considered the following stress scenarios, as compared with the parameters used to determine the ratings:

-- The expected probability of default (PD) used: expected PD of 7.8%, with a 25% and 50% increase on the expected PD
-- The loss given default (LGD) used: expected LGD of 25.5%, with a 25% and 50% increase on the expected LGD

-- Scenario 1: A 25% increase in PD
-- Scenario 2: A 50% increase in PD
-- Scenario 3: A 25% increase in LGD
-- Scenario 4: A 25% increase in PD and 25% increase in LGD
-- Scenario 5: A 25% increase in PD and 50% increase in LGD
-- Scenario 6: A 50% increase in LGD
-- Scenario 7: A 50% increase in PD and 25% increase in LGD
-- Scenario 8: A 50% increase in PD and 50% increase in LGD

DBRS Morningstar concludes that the expected ratings under the eight stress scenarios are:

-- Series 2023-1, Class A Notes: AAA (sf), AA (high) (sf), AAA (sf), AA (high) (sf), AA (low) (sf), AA (high) (sf), AA (low) (sf), A (high) (sf)
-- Series 2023-1, Class B Notes: A (high) (sf), A (low) (sf), A (high) (sf), A (low) (sf), BBB (high) (sf), A (sf), BBB (high) (sf), BBB (sf)
-- Series 2023-1, Class C Notes: BBB (high) (sf), BBB (high) (sf), BBB (high) (sf), BBB (high) (sf), BB (high) (sf), BBB (high) (sf), BB (high) (sf), BB (sf)

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see: For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in a central repository, see

These ratings are endorsed by DBRS Ratings GmbH for use in the European Union.

Lead Analyst: Jeffrey Cespon, Assistant Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: David Lautier, Senior Vice President
Initial Rating Date: 14 April 2023

DBRS Ratings Limited
20 Fenchurch Street, 31st Floor,
London EC3M 3BY United Kingdom
Tel. +44 (0) 20 7855 6600
Registered and incorporated under the laws of England and Wales: Company No. 7139960

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at:

-- Rating European Consumer and Commercial Asset-Backed Securitisations (19 October 2022),
-- Rating European Structured Finance Transactions Methodology (15 July 2022),
-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (22 July 2022),
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Originators (15 September 2022),
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers (15 September 2022),
-- Interest Rate Stresses for European Structured Finance Transactions (22 September 2022),
-- DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings (17 May 2022),
-- Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit (7 February 2023) and DBRS Morningstar CLO Asset model (version,
-- Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs (10 June 2022) and DBRS Morningstar SME Diversity Model (version,
-- Currency Stresses for Structured Finance Transactions (1 February 2023),

A description of how DBRS Morningstar analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at:

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at