Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Finalizes Provisional Ratings on FREED ABS Trust 2020-3FP

Consumer Loans & Credit Cards
July 29, 2020

DBRS, Inc. (DBRS Morningstar) finalized its provisional ratings on the following classes of notes (the Notes) issued by FREED ABS Trust 2020-3FP (FREED 2020-3FP):

-- $114,720,000 Class A Notes at A (high) (sf)
-- $44,680,000 Class B Notes at A (low) (sf)
-- $38,650,000 Class C Notes at BB (low) (sf)

The ratings are based on DBRS Morningstar’s review of the following analytical considerations:

(1) The transaction assumptions consider DBRS Morningstar’s set of macroeconomic scenarios for select economies related to the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), available in its commentary “Global Macroeconomic Scenarios: July Update,” published on July 22, 2020. DBRS Morningstar initially published macroeconomic scenarios on April 16, 2020. The scenarios were updated on July 22, 2020, and are reflected in DBRS Morningstar’s rating analysis.

(2) The assumptions consider the moderate macroeconomic scenario outlined in the commentary (the moderate scenario serving as the primary anchor for current ratings). The moderate scenario assumes some success in containment of the coronavirus within Q2 2020 and a gradual relaxation of restrictions, enabling most economies to begin a gradual economic recovery in Q3 2020.
--DBRS Morningstar's projected losses include the assessment of the impact of the coronavirus. The DBRS Morningstar cumulative net loss assumption is 15.55% based on the expected Cut-Off Date pool composition.
--DBRS Morningstar incorporated in its analysis a hardship deferment stress as a result of an increase in utilization related to the impact of the coronavirus on borrowers. DBRS Morningstar stressed hardship deferments to test liquidity risk early in the life of the transaction’s cash flows.

(3) The transaction’s form and sufficiency of available credit enhancement.
-- Subordination, overcollateralization, amounts held in the Reserve Fund, and excess spread create credit enhancement levels that are commensurate with the proposed ratings.
-- Transaction cash flows are sufficient to repay investors under all A (high) (sf), A (low) (sf), and BB (low) (sf) stress scenarios in accordance with the terms of the FREED 2020-3FP transaction documents.

(4) Structural features of the transaction that require the Notes to enter into full turbo principal amortization if certain triggers are breached or if credit enhancement deteriorates.

(5) The experience, sourcing, and servicing capabilities of Freedom Financial Asset Management, LLC (FFAM).

(6) The experience, underwriting, and origination capabilities of Cross River Bank (CRB).

(7) The ability of Wilmington Trust National Association (rated AA (low) with a Stable trend by DBRS Morningstar) to perform duties as a Backup Servicer and the ability of Vervent Inc. to perform duties as a Backup Servicer Subcontractor.

(8) The annual percentage rate (APR) charged on the loans and CRB’s status as the true lender.
-- All loans included in FREED 2020-3FP are originated by CRB, a New Jersey state-chartered Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation-insured bank.
-- Loans originated by CRB are all within the New Jersey state usury limit of 30.00%.
-- The weighted-average APR of the loans in the pool is 21.50%.
-- Loans may exceed individual state usury laws; however, CRB as the true lender is able to export rates that pre-empt state usury rate caps.
-- Loans originated to borrowers in states with active litigation (Second Circuit (New York, Connecticut, and Vermont), Colorado, and West Virginia) are excluded from the pool.
--The FREED 2020-3FP loan pool includes loans originated to borrowers in Maryland, a state with active litigation. Assuming that loans to borrowers in Maryland with APRs above the state usury cap of 24% were subsequently reduced to the state usury cap results in minimal impact to transaction cash flows.
-- Under the Loan Sale Agreement, FFAM is obligated to repurchase any loan if there is a breach of representation and warranty that materially and adversely affects the interests of the purchaser.

(9) The legal structure and legal opinions that address the true sale of the personal loans, the nonconsolidation of the trust, that the trust has a valid perfected security interest in the assets, and consistency with DBRS Morningstar’s “Legal Criteria for U.S. Structured Finance.”

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework and its methodologies can be found at:

All figures are in U.S dollars unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology is Rating U.S. Structured Finance Transactions (November 6, 2019), which can be found on under Methodologies & Criteria.

For more information regarding rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

For more information regarding structured finance rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

For more information regarding the structured finance rating approach and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

The rated entity or its related entities did participate in the rating process for this rating action. DBRS Morningstar had access to the accounts and other relevant internal documents of the rated entity or its related entities in connection with this rating action.

Please see the related appendix for additional information regarding the sensitivity of assumptions used in the rating process.

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at [email protected].

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