Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Confirms Ratings of FT PYMES Santander 15

Structured Credit
December 10, 2020

DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS Morningstar) confirmed its ratings of the notes issued by FT PYMES Santander 15 (the Issuer), as follows:

-- Series A Notes at A (high) (sf)
-- Series B Notes at CCC (low) (sf)
-- Series C Notes at C (sf)

The rating of the Series A Notes addresses the timely payment of interest and the ultimate payment of principal on or before the legal maturity date in April 2051. The ratings of the Series B and Series C Notes address the ultimate payment of interest and principal on or before the legal maturity date.

The rating confirmations follow an annual review of the transaction and are based on the following analytical considerations:
-- Portfolio performance, in terms of delinquencies, defaults, and losses, as of the October 2020 payment date.
-- Base case probability of default (PD) and updated default and recovery rates on the remaining receivables.
-- Current available credit enhancement to the Series A and Series B Notes to cover the expected losses assumed at their respective rating levels.
-- No early amortisation events have occurred so far.
-- Current economic environment and an assessment of sustainable performance, as a result of the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

The Series C Notes were issued to fund the cash reserve and are in a first-loss position supported only by available excess spread. Given the characteristics of the Series C Notes, as defined in the transaction documents, the default would most likely be recognised at maturity or following an early termination of the transaction.

The transaction is a cash flow securitisation collateralised by a portfolio of secured and unsecured term loans and credit lines originated by Banco Santander, S.A. (Santander), Banesto, and Banif (prior to their integration into Santander) to corporates, small and medium-size enterprises, and self-employed individuals based in Spain.

The transaction includes a 24-month revolving period, scheduled to end in December 2021. During the revolving period, the Issuer may acquire new loans and credit lines if they satisfy the eligibility criteria. To account for possible adverse changes in portfolio composition during the revolving period, DBRS Morningstar considered the limitations established in the eligibility criteria to create a worst-case portfolio that was used for the credit analysis.

As of the October 2020 payment date, loans two to three months in arrears represented 0.8% of the outstanding portfolio balance and the 90+ delinquency ratio was 0.9%, both up from 0.0% at transaction closing. Cumulative default ratio increased to 0.03% in the same period.

DBRS Morningstar maintained its one-year base case PD assumption of 2.25%. DBRS Morningstar conducted a loan-by-loan analysis of the outstanding balance of the revolving pool of receivables but kept its base case PD and recovery assumptions unchanged based on the worst-case portfolio composition.

The Series A Notes benefit from 25.0% of credit enhancement provided by the subordination of the Series B Notes and the reserve fund. The Series B Notes benefit from 5.0% of credit enhancement provided by the reserve fund. The reserve fund was funded through the issuance of the Series C Notes and is available to cover senior fees and interest and principal on the Series A and Series B Notes. The reserve fund can amortise after two years from transaction closing if certain conditions related to the performance of the portfolio and deleveraging of the transaction are met, to a floor of EUR 75.0 million.

Santander acts as the account bank for the transaction. Based on the account bank’s reference rating of A (high), which is one notch below the DBRS Morningstar Long Term Critical Obligations Rating (COR) of Santander of AA (low), the downgrade provisions outlined in the transaction documents, and structural mitigants, DBRS Morningstar considers the risk arising from the exposure to Santander to be consistent with the rating assigned to the Series A Notes, as described in DBRS Morningstar's "Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions" methodology.

DBRS Morningstar analysed the transaction structure in its proprietary Excel-based cashflow engine.

The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and the resulting isolation measures have caused an economic contraction, leading to sharp increases in unemployment rates and income reductions for many borrowers. DBRS Morningstar anticipates that payment holidays and delinquencies may continue to increase in the coming months for many SME transactions, some meaningfully. The ratings are based on additional analysis and, where appropriate, adjustments to expected performance as a result of the global efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus.

On 16 April 2020, the DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group released a set of macroeconomic scenarios for the 2020-22 period in select economies. These scenarios were last updated on 2 December 2020. For details, see the following commentaries: and The DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the moderate scenario in the referenced reports.

On 18 May 2020, DBRS Morningstar published a commentary outlining how the coronavirus crisis is likely to affect DBRS Morningstar-rated Structured Credit transactions in Europe. For more details please see, and

For more information regarding rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

For more information regarding structured finance rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework and its methodologies can be found at:

All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the ratings is the “Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs” (30 September 2020).

DBRS Morningstar has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the surveillance section of the principal methodology.

An asset and a cash flow analysis were both conducted. Due to the inclusion of a revolving period in the transaction, the analysis continues to be based on the worst-case replenishment criteria set forth in the transaction legal documents.

A review of the transaction legal documents was not conducted as the legal documents have remained unchanged since the most recent rating action.

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release. These may be found at:

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Morningstar Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” at:

The sources of data and information used for these ratings include investor reports provided by the management company, Santander de Titulización S.G.F.T., S.A., and loan-level data provided by the European DataWarehouse GmbH.

DBRS Morningstar did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

At the time of the initial ratings, DBRS Morningstar was supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS Morningstar considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing these ratings to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS Morningstar does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.

The last rating action on this transaction took place on 10 December 2019, when DBRS Morningstar finalised its provisional ratings of A (high) (sf), CCC (low) (sf), and C (sf) on the Series A, Series B, and Series C Notes, respectively.

The lead analyst responsibilities for this transaction have been transferred to Shalva Beshia.

Information regarding DBRS Morningstar ratings, including definitions, policies, and methodologies is available at

To assess the impact of changing the transaction parameters on the ratings, DBRS Morningstar considered the following stress scenarios, as compared to the parameters used to determine the ratings (the base case):
-- PD Rates Used: one-year base case PD of 2.25%, a 10% and 20% increase on the base case PD.
-- Recovery Rates Used: recovery rate of 48.9% for secured loans and 16.3% for unsecured loans at the A (high) (sf) stress level for the Series A Notes. For the Series B Notes, at the CCC (low) (sf) rating level, DBRS Morningstar applied 70.3% recovery rate for secured loans and 21.5% recovery rate for unsecured loans.

DBRS Morningstar concludes that a hypothetical increase of the base case PD by 20% or a hypothetical decrease of the recovery rate by 20%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a confirmation of the Series A Notes at A (high) (sf). A scenario combining both an increase in the PD by 10% and a decrease in the recovery rate by 10%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a downgrade of the Series A Notes to A (low) (sf).

With regards to the Series B Notes, a hypothetical increase of the base case PD by 20% or a hypothetical decrease of the recovery rate by 20%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a confirmation of the Series B Notes at CCC (low) (sf). A scenario combining both an increase in the PD by 10% and a decrease in the recovery rate by 10%, ceteris paribus, would also lead to a confirmation of the Series B Notes at CCC (low) (sf).

The ratings on the Series C Notes would not be affected by a change in either the PD or the LGD.

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see:

Ratings assigned by DBRS Ratings GmbH are subject to EU and U.S. regulations only.

Lead Analyst: Shalva Beshia, Assistant Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: Alfonso Candelas, Senior Vice President
Initial Rating Date: 4 December 2019

DBRS Ratings GmbH
Neue Mainzer Straße 75
60311 Frankfurt am Main Deutschland
Tel. +49 (69) 8088 3500

Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main, HRB 110259

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at:

-- Rating CLOs Backed by Loans to European SMEs (30 September 2020) and SME Diversity Model v.,
-- Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit (21 July 2020),
-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (11 September 2019),
-- Master European Structured Finance Surveillance Methodology (22 April 2020),
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers (19 November 2020),
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Originators (30 September 2020),
-- European RMBS Insight: Spanish Addendum (26 August 2020),
-- European RMBS Insight Methodology (2 April 2020),
-- Interest Rate Stresses for European Structured Finance Transactions (28 September 2020),
-- Cash Flow Assumptions for Corporate Credit Securitizations (21 July 2020),

A description of how DBRS Morningstar analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at [email protected].