Press Release

DBRS Morningstar Assigns BBB (sf) Rating with a Negative Trend to Yoda SPV S.r.l.

Nonperforming Loans
December 18, 2020

DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS Morningstar) assigned a BBB (sf) rating with a Negative trend to the EUR 1.0 billion Class A notes issued by Yoda SPV S.r.l. (the Issuer).

As of the 30 June 2020 cutoff date, the notes were backed by a EUR 6.0 billion portfolio by gross book value (GBV) of Italian secured and unsecured nonperforming loans originated by Intesa Sanpaolo S.p.A. (ISP or the Seller). Intrum Italy S.p.A. (Intrum or the Servicer) services the receivables. A backup servicer, Prelios Credit Servicing S.p.A., has been appointed and will act as master servicer in case of termination of the master servicer, Banca Finanziaria Internazionale S.p.A.

The securitised portfolio is composed of secured and unsecured loans: 51.1% of the borrowers by GBV are classified as secured senior (at least a first economic lien), 2.3% as secured junior (at least a second economic lien), and the remaining 46.6% as unsecured. At cutoff date, the portfolio was mainly represented by corporate borrowers (89.4% by GBV), and the properties securing the loans in the portfolio mainly comprised residential (37.5% by property value) and industrial properties (27.2% by property value). The secured collateral was concentrated (44.7% by property value) in Northern regions of Italy.

The transaction benefits from approximately EUR 74.7 million of collections recovered between cutoff and the closing date, which will be distributed in accordance with the priority of payments on the first interest payment date.

The transaction includes a cash reserve, sized at 4.0% of the principal outstanding of the Class A notes, and a recovery expenses cash reserve, both fully funded with the proceeds of a limited recourse loan granted to the Issuer by ISP for EUR 42.1 million. The limited recourse loan also funds the EUR 200,000 retention amount. At each interest payment date, the cash reserve amount and the recovery expenses cash reserve will be part of the available funds for the waterfall and will be replenished in the waterfall up to the respective target amount.

The margin of the Class B notes coupon, which represent mezzanine debt, will be paid ahead of the principal of the Class A notes unless certain performance-related triggers are breached.

The rating addresses the timely payment of interest and ultimate repayment of principal on the Class A notes.

DBRS Morningstar based its rating on an analysis of the projected recoveries of the underlying collateral, the historical performance and expertise of the servicer, the availability of liquidity to fund interest shortfalls and special-purpose vehicle expenses, and the transaction’s legal and structural features. DBRS Morningstar’s BBB (sf) rating stress assumes a haircut of approximately 21.8% to the servicer’s initial business plan for the portfolio.

In its analysis, DBRS Morningstar used the Italian residential market value decline (MVD) rates outlined in its “Master European Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities Rating Methodology and Jurisdictional Addenda” published on 21 September 2020. DBRS Morningstar notes that the currently proposed Italian residential MVDs in the “European RMBS Insight: Italian Addendum - Request for Comment” methodology published on DBRS Morningstar website on 2 November 2020 are not likely to lead to a rating action. For details, see

DBRS Morningstar analysed the transaction structure using Intex DealMaker.

The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and the resulting isolation measures have caused an economic contraction, leading to sharp economic contraction, increases in unemployment rates and reduced investment activities. DBRS Morningstar anticipates that collections in European nonperforming loan (NPL) securitisations will continue to be disrupted in coming months and that the deteriorating macroeconomic conditions could negatively affect recoveries from NPLs and the related real estate collateral. The rating is based on additional analysis and adjustments to expected performance as a result of the global efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus.

On 16 April 2020, the DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group published its outlook on the impact to key economic indicators for the 2020-22 time frame. These scenarios were last updated on 2 December 2020. For details see the following commentaries: and DBRS Morningstar’s analysis considered impacts consistent with the moderate scenario in the referenced reports.

For more information on DBRS Morningstar considerations for European NPL transactions and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following commentaries: and

For more information regarding rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

For more information regarding structured finance rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release:

A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework and its methodologies can be found at:

All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the rating is: “Rating European Non-Performing Loans Securitisations” (13 May 2020).

DBRS Morningstar has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the principal methodology.

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release.

These may be found at:

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Morningstar Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” at:

The sources of data and information used for this rating include a loan data tape as of 30 June 2020, historical performance for secured and unsecured loans, historical sales data, and the portfolio business plan provided by the servicer and the seller.

DBRS Morningstar did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

DBRS Morningstar was supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS Morningstar considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing this rating to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS Morningstar does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.

This rating concerns a newly issued financial instrument. This is the first DBRS Morningstar rating on this financial instrument.

Information regarding DBRS Morningstar ratings, including definitions, policies, and methodologies, is available on

To assess the impact of changing the transaction parameters on the rating, DBRS Morningstar considered the following stress scenarios, as compared to the parameters used to determine the rating (the Base Case):

-- Recovery Rates Used: Cumulative base case recovery amount of approximately EUR 1.35 billion at the BBB (sf) stress level, a 5% and 10% decrease in the base case recovery rate.

-- DBRS Morningstar concludes that a hypothetical decrease of the Recovery Rate by 5%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a downgrade of the Class A notes to BB (high) (sf).
-- DBRS Morningstar concludes that a hypothetical decrease of the Recovery Rate by 10%, ceteris paribus, would lead to a downgrade of the Class A notes to B (sf).

Generally, the conditions that lead to the assignment of a Negative or Positive trend are generally resolved within a 12-month period. DBRS Morningstar’s outlooks and ratings are monitored.

For further information on DBRS Morningstar historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see:

Ratings assigned by DBRS Ratings GmbH are subject to EU and U.S. regulations only.

Lead Analyst: Sebastiano Romano, Senior Analyst
Rating Committee Chair: Christian Aufsatz, Managing Director
Initial Rating Date: 18 December 2020

DBRS Ratings GmbH
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60311 Frankfurt am Main Deutschland
Tel. +49 (69) 8088 3500
Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main, HRB 110259

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at:

-- Rating European Non-Performing Loans Securitisations (13 May 2020),
-- Rating European Consumer and Commercial Asset-Backed Securitisations (3 September 2020)
-- Master European Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities Rating Methodology and Jurisdictional Addenda (21 September 2020),
-- European CMBS Rating and Surveillance Methodology (13 December 2019)
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers (19 November 2020)
-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (11 September 2019)
-- Derivative Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions (24 September 2020)
-- Interest Rate Stresses for European Structured Finance Transactions (28 September 2020)

A description of how DBRS Morningstar analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at:

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